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Brexit. Citizen's Rights

Brexit - Citizen's Rights

The United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union will affect Spanish citizens who have residence, work or family ties with the United Kingdom, as well as those nationals of the United Kingdom who reside in our country, Spain being the country of residence of the largest community of nationals of the United Kingdom.

Negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom on an agreement to regulate its withdrawal led to the text of the Withdrawal Agreement, endorsed by the European Council on 25 November 2018 and rejected by the British Parliament on several occasions (the main milestones of the negotiation can be found on the Commission's web site).

The Government of Spain has prioritised the need to preserve the rights of citizens who exercised their right of freedom of movement before the withdrawal of the United Kingdom. In view of the possibility that the United Kingdom may leave the European Union without an Agreement regulating its withdrawal, the Government of Spain has approved - Royal Decree-Law 5/2019, of 1 March, adopting contingency measures for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union without the agreement provided for in Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union having been reached. It foresees a series of temporary measures aimed at mitigating the impact this scenario would have on citizens and economic operators.

This was announced by the President of the Government on 12 December 2018: “Whichever scenario we face, what I can guarantee you, ladies and gentlemen, is that the Government of Spain has taken the necessary measures to ensure that, in the event of non-approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, the impact on Spain and its citizens is as small as possible”.

In line with the Government of Spain, the Ministry of Labour, Migration and Social Security provides complementary information to citizens on residence and social security rights, distinguishing the consequences of the United Kingdom's departure on these matters according to the two possible situations: with Withdrawal Agreement and without Withdrawal Agreement.